MALLIKARJUN BHEEMRAYAPPA MANSUR
Mallikarjun Bheemarayappa Mansur (Kannada:ಮಲ್ಲಿಕಾರ್ಜುನ ಮನ್ಸೂರ್) (1910-1992) was an Indian classical singer of the khyal style in the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana. He received the three national Padma Awards: Padma Shri in 1970, Padma Bhushan in 1976, and Padma Vibhushan in 1992. Mansur had his initial training in Carnatic music under Appaya Swamy, and in Hindustani music under Nilkanth Bua Alurmath of Miraj who belonged to the Gwalior Gharana. However, the most important influences on his singing were his gurus Manji Khan and Bhurji Khan who were the sons of Alladiya Khan.
Mansur was well known for his command over a large number of rare (aprachalit) ragas such as Shuddh Nat, Asa Jogiya, Hem Nat, Lachchhasakh, Khat, Shivmat Bhairav and Bahaduri Todi, as well as his constant, mercurial improvisations in both melody and metre without ever losing the emotional content of the song. Mansur was a native of Dharwad in North Karnataka, which is home to other musicians like Bhimsen Joshi from Gadag, Gangubai Hangal from Hubli, and Basavaraj Rajguru. His home in Dharwad was converted into a memorial museum. Mansur wrote an autobiographical book titled Nanna Rasayatre (ನನ್ನ ರಸಯಾತ್ರೆ) in Kannada, which has been translated into English as a book titled My Journey in Music by his son, Rajshekhar Mansur.
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