Alladiya Khan (Hindi: अल्लादिया ख़ान ) (1855 – 1946) was an Indian classical singer, known as “Gaan Samraat” (Emperor of Music). Khan founded the Jaipur-Atrauli gharana based on the Agra gharana. He is also recognized for his revival and creations of many ragas. Alladiya Khan was born in Rajasthan in a family of musicians. Though his father Ahmed Khan died early in Alladiya’s life, his uncle, Jehangir Khan (of the Agra gharana), taught him dhrupad for 5 years and then khyal for another 8 years.
Alladiya Khan served in the court of various kings of Rajasthan including that of Amlata. He sung so well and so much for the kings that he nearly lost his voice due to hours of riyaaz (practice). While trying to regain his voice he developed a new and profound style of singing by which he could sing without compromising the purity of raga but the passage, taans, and creativity of singing the raga. Later he settled down in Kolhapur as the court musician of the local king, Shahu Maharaj. In 1922 he moved to Mumbai after the king died. With his distinguished reputation, Ustad Alladiya Khan became a gem among the many masters in Mumbai. He taught many disciples and sung in many mehfils in Mumbai to which his reputation as an academic grew. His autobiography, as narrated to his grandson Azizzudin Khan Sahab, is available in English translation, as My Life, translated with and introduction by Amlan Dasgupta and Urmila Bhirdikar, published by Thema, Kolkata, 2000
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